Stati Uniti (USA)

Le informazioni che possono essere utili per il vostro viaggio.

Città Stati Uniti (USA)
 
Informazioni sul paese Codice di stato: US
continente: Nord America
capitale: Washington, DC
lingue: Inglese

Membro UE: no
L'adesione alla NATO:

GSM: 850/1900
GPS: 38 00 N, 97 00 W
energia elettrica: 120V/60Hz

valuta:
United States Dollar: USD
1USD = 0.789 EUR

telefono cellulare il codice: +1-202

Consigli di viaggio e avvertimenti Stati Uniti (USA)
Arriving in the United States Before arrival, you will receive either a white I-94 (if entering with a visa) or green I-94W (if entering on a visa waiver) form to complete. Most persons arriving in the United States under the Visa Waiver Program are no longer issued with I-94W cards, however, as the qualifying paperwork was filled out with the ESTA application.
Visa-free entry Citizens of the 36 countries within the Visa Waiver Program, as well as Canadians, Mexicans living on the border (holding a Border Crossing Card), and Bermudians (with British Overseas Territories passports) do not require advance visas for entry into the United States.

Check: http://travel. state. gov/visa/temp/without/without_1990. html
Car rental in United States Renting a car in the U. S. usually runs anywhere from $20 and $100 per day for a basic sedan, depending on the type of car and location, with some discounts for week-long rentals.
Fuel Gasoline ("gas") is sold by the gallon. The American gallon is smaller than the UK gallon, and equals 3. 785 liters. The U. S. octane scale is different from that used in Europe; a regular gallon of U. S. gasoline is rated at 87 octane, the equivalent of about 92 in Europe. Diesel is not as common, but still widely used and available at most stations, especially those catering to truckers. Untaxed "offroad diesel", sold in rural areas for agricultural use, is dyed red and should not be used in cars, as there are heavy fines if you're caught.
Talk Almost all Americans speak English. They generally use a standard accent (native to the Midwest), popularized in the 20th century by radio, TV and movies. In many areas, especially the South and Texas, in New England, in New York City, and in the upper Midwest, you'll find distinctive regional accents and dialects. Nowhere should this pose any problem to a visitor, as Americans often admire foreign accents and most will approximate the standard accent to help you understand them, or try to speak your language if they can. Even so, visitors are generally expected to speak and understand English. Many Americans are familiar with Spanish, or French, but few are fluent in languages other than English, unless they are from immigrant communities. Even popular tourist sites may have signs only in English, or perhaps one or two other languages.
Currency exchange Currency exchange centers are rare outside the downtowns of major coastal and border cities, and international airports, however many banks can also provide currency exchange services. Most automated teller machines (ATMs) can handle foreign bank cards or credit cards bearing Visa/Plus or MasterCard/Cirrus logo; note, however, that many ATMs charge fees of about $2. 50 for use with cards issued by other banks (often waived for cards issued outside of the U. S. , but banks in one's home country may charge their own fees). Smaller ATMs found in restaurants etc. often charge higher fees (up to $5). Some ATMs (such as those at Sheetz gas stations and government buildings such as courthouses) have no fee. Another option is withdrawing cash (usually up to $40 over the cost of your goods) when making a debit-card purchase at a large discount store such as Walmart or Target, or at many supermarkets. Stores almost never charge a fee for this service, though the bank that issued your card may
Places for shopping Shopping malls.
Outlet centers.
Major retailers.
Garage sales.
Flea markets.
Auctions.
Costs Unless you live in Australia, Canada, Europe or Japan, the United States is generally expensive, but there are ways to limit the damage. Many Europeans come to the United States for shopping (especially electronics). While prices in the United States are lower than in many European countries, keep in mind that you will be charged taxes/tariffs on goods purchased abroad. Additionally, electronics may not be compatible with standards when you return (electrical, DVD region, etc. ). As such, the savings you may find shopping in the United States may easily be negated upon your return. A barebones budget for camping, hostels, and cooking your food could be $30-50/day, and you can double that if you stay at motels and eat at cheap cafes. Add on a rental car and hotel accommodation and you'll be looking at $150/day and up. There are regional variations too: large cities like New York and Los Angeles are expensive, while prices go down in the countryside. Most U. S. cities have suburbs with good hotels that are often much more affordable than those in the city center and enjoy lower crime rates. Thus, if you plan to rent a car and drive between several major cities on a single visit to the U. S. , it is usually a better idea to stay at safe suburban hotels with free parking, as opposed to downtown hotels that charge exorbitant parking fees.
Tipping - Hairdressers, other personal services: 10-15%
- Bartenders: $1 per drink if inexpensive or 15% of total
- Bellhops: $1-2 per bag ($3-5 minimum regardless)
- Hotel doorman: $1 per bag (if they assist), $1 for calling a cab
- Shuttle bus drivers: $2-5 (optional)
- Private car & limousine drivers: 15-20%
- Housekeeping in hotels: $1-2 per day for long stays or $5 minimum for very short stays (optional)
- Food delivery (pizza, etc. ): $2-5, 15-20% for larger orders
- Bicycle messengers: $3-5
- Tour guides / activity guides $5-$10 if he or she was particularly funny or informative.
- Taxis: Tips of 10-20% are expected in both yellow cabs as well as livery cabs. A simple way of computing the tip is to add 10% of the fare and round up from there. - Thus, if the meter reads $6. 20, you pay $7 and if the meter reads $6. 50, you pay $8. Always tip more for better service (for example, if the cabbie helps you with your bags or stroller). Leave a small tip if the service is lousy (for example, if the cabbie refuses to turn on the AC on a hot day). For livery cabs, tip 10-20% depending on the quality of the service but you don't need to tip at all if you hail the cab on the street and negotiate the fare in advance (leave an extra dollar or two anyway!).
- Full-service restaurants: 15-20%. Many restaurants include a mandatory service charge for larger groups, in which case you do not need to tip an additional amount - check the bill.
911/Emergency Services During any emergency, dialing 911 (pronounced "nine-one-one") at any telephone will connect you to the emergency services in the area (police, fire, ambulance, etc). Calls to 911 are free from payphones and any mobile phone capable of connecting with local carriers. Give the facts. The dispatchers will send help. Unless you are calling from a mobile phone, the 911 operator can almost certainly trace your line instantly and locate you.
Mobile phones American mobile phone service (known as cell phones regardless of the technology used) is not very compatible with that offered elsewhere. While GSM has been gaining popularity, the U. S. uses the unusual 1900 and 850 MHz frequencies; check with your operator or mobile phone dealer to see if your phone is a tri-band or quad-band model that will work here.

Washington, DC, Stati Uniti (USA)

Lunedi 11, Novembre

Da wikipedia su Stati Uniti (USA)

Gli Stati Uniti d'America (denominazione ufficiale in lingua inglese: "United States of America") sono una repubblica federale con sistema rappresentativo dell'America settentrionale composta da 50 stati e un distretto federale (Washington, D. C.).
Sono abbreviazioni diffuse nel linguaggio comune "Stati Uniti", "USA", "Usa", "U. S. A. ", "States"; Sineddoche diffusa nel linguaggio comune è "America".

Gli Stati Uniti confinano a nord con il Canada e a sud con il Messico, mentre ad est e ad ovest sono bagnati rispettivamente dall'oceano Atlantico e dall'oceano Pacifico. Le acque territoriali dell'Alaska - lo stato più vasto - confinano con la Russia (Stretto di Bering). Lo stato delle Hawaii è formato da un arcipelago localizzato nel centro dell'oceano Pacifico. Il paese possiede anche alcuni territori e zone insulari, sparsi tra il mar dei Caraibi e il Pacifico.

Con una superficie di oltre 9, 37 milioni di km² e con più di 310 milioni di abitanti, gli Stati Uniti sono il quarto paese più esteso al mondo, e il terzo più popolato. Gli Stati Uniti sono uno dei paesi con la maggior diversità etnica e la sua multiculturalità è il prodotto di un'immigrazione su larga scala dai più svariati paesi dei diversi continenti. L'economia statunitense è la più grande del mondo, con una stima del prodotto interno lordo (PIL) nel 2008 di 14. 300 miliardi di dollari ($) (che rappresenta il 23% del totale mondiale basato sul PIL nominale e quasi il 21% del PIL calcolato a parità di potere d'acquisto).
La federazione è stata fondata da tredici colonie del Regno Unito situate lungo la costa atlantica. Il 4 luglio 1776, con la Dichiarazione di indipendenza, hanno proclamato la loro indipendenza dalla Gran Bretagna. Gli stati si ribellarono e sconfissero i britannici nella guerra di indipendenza americana, prima grande colonia a rivoltarsi con successo contro le leggi coloniali. Una Convenzione Federale (Convenzione di Filadelfia) adottò l'attuale Costituzione degli Stati Uniti d'America il 17 settembre 1787; con la ratifica, l'anno successivo nasceva una repubblica con un forte governo centrale. La Carta dei Diritti, che comprendeva dieci emendamenti costituzionali per garantire molti diritti civili fondamentali e libertà, venne ratificata nel 1791.

Nel corso del XIX secolo gli Stati Uniti acquisirono nuovi territori da Francia, Spagna, Regno Unito, Messico e Russia, annettendo la Repubblica del Texas e la Repubblica di Hawaii. Le controversie tra il Sud agrario e il Nord industriale sull'affermazione dei diritti e l'espansione dell'istituzione della schiavitù provocarono la guerra di secessione americana del 1861. Il Nord impedì una scissione del paese e portò la fine della schiavitù legale negli Stati Uniti. La guerra ispano-americana e la prima guerra mondiale confermarono lo status di potenza militare. Nel 1945 gli Stati Uniti emersero dalla seconda guerra mondiale come il primo paese dotato di armi nucleari, membro permanente del Consiglio di Sicurezza dell'ONU, e un membro fondatore della NATO. La fine della guerra fredda, e il conseguente crollo dell'Unione Sovietica, lasciarono gli Stati Uniti come unica superpotenza. Ad oggi gli accademici stanno discutendo se gli Usa stiano perdendo o abbiano già perso lo status di superpotenza in un mondo multipolare.
Description above from the Wikipedia, licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.