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Città Russia
Informazioni sul paese Codice di stato: RU
continente: Europa
capitale: Mosca
lingue: Russo, Altre lingue

Membro UE: no
L'adesione alla NATO: no

GSM: 900/1800
GPS: 60 00 N, 100 00 E
energia elettrica: 220V/50Hz

Rublo Russo: RUB
1RUB = 0.037 USD
1RUB = 0.029 EUR

telefono cellulare il codice: +7-495

Consigli di viaggio e avvertimenti Russia
Visas Citizens of most non-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries must obtain a visa prior to arriving in Russia. Citizens of following countries do not need a visa: Argentina (90 days), Bosnia and Herzegovina (90 days), Brazil (90 days), Chile (90 days), Colombia (90 days), Croatia (3 months, invitation required), Cuba (30 days), Hong Kong (14 days), Israel (90 days), Macedonia (90 days), Montenegro (90 days), Nicaragua (90 days), Peru (90 days), Serbia (30 days, only biometric passports)[1], Thailand (30 days), Turkey (30 days), Venezuela (90 days).
Staying in Russia Russian law doesn't require you to carry your passport and registration card with you, but if you fail to provide a valid ID to a police officer upon request they have a right to hold you for up to 3 h for "identification purposes. " These random passport checks are not common but still carry your passport with you at all times. This generally applies to more populated areas like Moscow due to the higher immigration influx larger cities; in other rural and less populated urban areas, passport checks occur quite rarely. It is also good to have a copy of your passport, visa, migration card and the registration form in case you happen to come across a dishonest/corrupt police officer. It's much harder to ransom a copy of a passport than it is the original, and you can always make another copy. Just remember that a photocopy of your passport is not recognized as a valid ID by Russian law, so having a copy may not always help.
Travel tips Travel time can vary from several hours to several days. Note that there are more types of train between the two capitals than between any other two cities in Russia. Apart from ordinary trains, there are rapid trains (Sapsan) that run by day only and cover the 650 km between Moscow and Saint Petersburg in 4 hours. Some of the overnight trains are quite luxurious - these include the traditional The Red Arrow service and the newer, fake-Czarist-era Nikolaevsky Express, complete with attendants in 19-century uniforms. Sheets, towels and prepacked breakfasts are included in all the better trains. Shared bathroom facilities are located at the end of the train car. There are special hatches that one may use to secure the door of the compartment from the inside during the night.
Money Coins are issued in 1, 5, 10, and 50 kopek and 1, 2, 5, and 10 ruble denominations. Banknotes come in 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, and 5000 ruble values. The 5 ruble note is not issued anymore and is very rare in circulation. The 1 and 5 kopek coins are of little use, as their value is low; in many stores prices are rounded up to the nearest 10 kopeks and many people refuse to accept these coins. As of April 15, 2009, one US dollar is equal to 33. 39 rubles and one euro is equal to 44. 45 rubles.
Supermarkets There is a number of cheap food/goods chains.
- Billa
- Perekrestok (Перекресток)
- Carousel (Карусель)
- Auchan (Ашан)
- Magnit (Магнит)
- Pyatyorochka (Пятёрочка)
- Lenta (Лента)
- Atack (Атак)
Eat cost Russian cuisine derives its rich and varied character from the vast and multicultural expanse of Russia. Its foundations were laid by the peasant food of the rural population in an often harsh climate, with a combination of plentiful fish, poultry, game, mushrooms, berries, and honey. Crops of rye, wheat, buckwheat, barley, and millet provided the ingredients for a plethora of breads, pancakes, cereals, kvass, beer, and vodka. Flavourful soups and stews centred on seasonal or storable produce, fish, and meats. This wholly native food remained the staples for the vast majority of Russians well into the 20th century. Lying on the northern reaches of the ancient Silk Road, as well as Russia's proximity to the Caucasus, Persia, and the Ottoman Empire has provided an inescapable Eastern character to its cooking methods (not so much in European Russia but distinguishable in the North Caucasus). Russia's renowned caviar is easily obtained, however prices can exceed the expenses of your entire trip. Dishes such as beef Stroganov and chicken kiev, from the pre-revolutionary era are available but mainly aimed at tourists as they lost their status and visibility during Soviet times.
Drink Vodka, imported liquors (rum, gin, etc), international soft-drinks (Pepsi, Coca- Cola, Fanta, etc), local soft drinks (Tarhun, Buratino, Baikal, etc. ), distilled water, kvas (sour-sweet non-alcoholic naturally carbonized drink made from fermented dark bread) and mors (traditional wild berry drink).
Sleep Hotels in Russia may be quite expensive in metropolises and touristy areas. If you do speak a bit of Russian and are not entirely culture shocked, it is much smarter to seek out and rent a room in a private residence. Most Russians are looking to make extra money and, having space to spare, will rent it out to a tourist gladly. Native Moscovites or residents of Saint Petersburg would rather rent out to tourists than their own countrymen: foreigners are considered more trustworthy and orderly. Expect to pay 60-70 USD a night (usually with breakfast prepared by your host), and the accommodations will certainly be very clean and proper if not modern. When it comes to home/family life, Russian culture is very warm and inviting.
Shopping When buying items, it is best to keep your money folded backwards with small bills on the outside and larger on the inside and bring out your cash only when actually handing it over. Also, separate larger sums from smaller ones and keep the former hidden on your person.

Mosca, Russia

Venerdì 3, Luglio

Da wikipedia su Russia

La Federazione Russa, è uno stato che si estende tra l'Europa e l'Asia.

Con una superficie di 17. 075. 400 km² la Russia è l'entità statale più vasta del mondo. Confina con Norvegia, Finlandia, Estonia, Lettonia, Lituania, Polonia, Bielorussia, Ucraina, Georgia, Azerbaigian, Kazakistan, Cina, Mongolia e Corea del Nord; insieme alla Cina è lo stato al mondo con il maggior numero di stati limitrofi (14). Inoltre possiede dei confini marittimi con il Giappone (attraverso il mare di Ochotsk) e gli Stati Uniti (attraverso lo stretto di Bering). È bagnata a nord ovest dal mar Baltico, a nord dal Mar Glaciale Artico, a est dall'oceano Pacifico e a sud dal mar Nero e dal mar Caspio. Comprende anche l'exclave dell'Oblast' di Kaliningrad, compresa tra mar Baltico, Polonia e Lituania. Nel 2008 contava circa 140 milioni di abitanti, ha come capitale Mosca ed è tradizionalmente suddivisa tra Russia europea e asiatica dalla catena montuosa degli Urali.

Come principale successore dell'Unione Sovietica, la Russia è ancora uno stato con una forte influenza politica, specialmente all'interno della CSI, che comprende tutte le ex repubbliche dell'Unione Sovietica tranne le tre repubbliche baltiche, Lettonia, Estonia e Lituania, liberatesi dall'occupazione sovietica nel 1991, l'Armenia, l'Azerbaigian, la Bielorussia, la Georgia, il Kazakistan, il Kirghizistan, la Moldova, il Tagikistan, il Turkmenistan, l'Ucraina e l'Uzbekistan.

Nei primi anni del XXI secolo l'economia ha presentato tassi di crescita tra i più elevati a livello globale, tanto che la Russia è considerata uno dei quattro paesi a cui ci si riferisce con l'acronimo BRIC. Relazione della banca di investimenti Goldman Sachs del 2003: La crisi finanziaria internazionale si è fatta però sentire duramente a partire dall'autunno 2008, mettendo in dubbio molte delle certezze acquisite in un decennio di espansione. 2 febbraio 2010.
Description above from the Wikipedia, licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.
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